This bibliography lists works which consider anti-Catholicism (either as their main focus or as part of a broader research project). It is organised chronologically by century. If you know of other works which should be included, please contact

General Reading

Brewer, John D and Higgins, Gareth I, Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600-1998 : the mote and the beam (Basingstoke, 1998)

Bruce, Steven, Paisley: Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland (Oxford, 2007)

Claydon, Tony and McBride, Ian, Protestantism and National Identity: Britain and Ireland, c.1650-c.1850 (Cambridge, 1998)

Connolly, G, ‘The Transubstantiation Myth: Towards a New Popular History of Roman Catholicism in England’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 30 (1984): 78-104

Ford, Alan, McGuire, James, and Milne, Kenneth, As by law established : the Church of Ireland since the Reformation (Dublin, 1995)

Ford, Alan and McCafferty, James (eds.), The Origins of Sectarianism in Early Modern Ireland (Cambridge, 2005).

Fraser, T.G. ed. The Irish parading tradition: following the drum. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.

Jenkins, Philip, The New Anti-Catholicism: the last acceptable prejudice (New York, 2003)

Massa, Mark, Anti-Catholicism in American: the last acceptable prejudice (New York, 2003)

McBride, Ian (ed.), History and Memory in Modern Ireland (Cambridge, 2001)

Nordstrom, Justin, Danger on the Doorstep: Anti-Catholicism and American Print Cultre in the Progressive Era (Notre Dame, 2006)

Nystrom, Carolyn, Is the Reformation Over? An Evangelical Reassessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism (Grand Rapids, 2005)

Pestana, Carla Gardina, Protestant Empire: Religion and the Making of the British Atlantic World (Philadelphia, 2009)

Rosie, J.M, Religion and sectarianism in modern Scotland, 2001).

Stack, C.M, The heritage of St Patrick (Dublin, 1938).

Storey, Earl, Traditional roots: towards an appropiate relationship between the Church of Ireland and the Orange Order / Earl Storey   (Dublin, 2002).

Wolffe, John, ‘A Comparative Historical Categorisation of Anti-Catholicism’, Journal of Religious History 39 (2015): 182-202

__________(ed.), Irish Religious Conflict in Comparative Perspective: Catholics, Protestants, and Muslims (Basingstoke, 2014)

__________(ed.), Protestant-Catholic conflict from the Reformation to the 21st Century: the dynamics of religious difference (Basingstoke, 2013)

___________’Protestant-Catholic Division in Europe and the United States: An Historical and Comparative Perspective’, Politics, Religion and Ideology 12 (2011): 241-56

16th Century

Leticia Álvarez-Recio, Fighting the antichrist: a cultural history of anti-Catholicism in Tudor England Leticia Alvarez-Recio   (Brighton, 2011).

Anderson, Jennifer, ‘Anti-Puritanism, Anti-Popery, and Gallows Rhetoric in Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller’ Sixteenth Century Journal 35 (2004): 43-63

Ardolino, Frank, Apocalypse and Armada in Kyd’s Spanish Tragedy (Kirksville, 1995)

Armitage, David, ‘The Elizabethan Idea of Empire’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 14 (2004): 269-77

Bauckham, Richard, Tudor Apocalypse: Sicteenth Century Apocalypticism, Millenarianism and the English Reformation: From John Bale to John Foxe and Thomas Brightman (Abingdon, 1978)

Blakeway, Amy, ‘A Scottish Anti-Catholic Satire Crossing the Border : 'Ane bull of our haly fader the paip, quhairby it is leesum to everie man to haif tua wyffis' and the Redeswyre Raid of 1575’ English Historical Review 129 (2014): 1346-70

Bostick, Curtis V, The Antichrist and the Lollards: Apocalypticism in Late Medieval and Reformation England (Leiden, 1998)

Buffey, Emily, ‘“I keepe my watche, and my warde”: Richard Robinson’s Rewarde of Wickednesse (1574)’ Journal of Early Modern Studies (2015): 71-98

Cameron, Euan, 'Primitivism, patristics, and polemic in Protestant visions of early Christianity',  Sacred history: uses of the Christian past in the renaissance world, ed. Katherine van Liere, Simon Ditchfield and Howard Louthian, 27-51. Oxford: OUP, 2012.

Clouse, Robert G, ‘John Napier and Apocalyptic Thought’, Sixteenth Century Journal 1 (1974): 101-14

______________’The Rebirth of Millenarianism’ in Peter Toon (ed.), Puritans, the Millennium and he Future of Israel: Puritan Eschatology 1600-1660 (London, 1970): 42-65

Connoly, S.J, Contested Island: Ireland 1460-1630 (Oxford, 2007)

Dawson, Jane A, ‘The Apocalyptic Thinking of the Marian Exiles’ in Michael Wilks (ed.), Prophecy and Eschatology (Oxford, 1994): 75-91

Devine, Michael, ‘Treasonous Catholic magic and the 1563 witchcraft legislation : the English state's response to Catholic conjuring in the early years of Elizabeth I's reign’ in Supernatural and secular power in early modern England; edited by Marcus Harmes, Victoria Bladen. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015) 67-94

Dodaro, Robert and Questier, Michael, 'Strategies in Jacobean polemic: the use and abuse of St Augustine in English theological controversy', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, xliv, No 3 (1993), 432-49

Doran, Susan and Freeman, Thomas (eds.), Mary I: Old and New Perspectives (Basingstoke, 2011)

Evenden, Elizabeth and Freeman, Thomas, Religion and the Book in Early Modern England: The Making of Foxe’s ‘Book of Martyrs’ (Cambridge, 2011)

____________________’Print, Profit and Propaganda: the Elizabethan Privy Council and the 1570 edition of Foxe’s “Book of Martyrs”’, English Historical Review 119 (2004): 1288-1307

Flynn, Dennis, 'William More of Loseley and early Elizabethan anti-Catholicism', Surrey Archaeological Collections, 91 (2004)

Ford, Alan, 'Goliath and the boy David: Henry Fitzsimon, James Ussher and the birth of Irish religious debate', Religion and politics in urban Ireland, c.1500-c.1750, ed. Salvador Ryan and Clodagh Tait, 108-33. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016.

———, '"Standing one's ground": religion, history and polemic since the reformation', As by law established: the Church of Ireland since the reformation, ed. Alan Ford, James McGuire and Kenneth Milne, 1-14. Dublin: Lilliput, 1995.

Freeman, Thomas, ‘Joan of Contention: the myth of the female Pope in early modern England’, in Kenneth Fincham and Peter Lake (eds), Religious Politics in Post-Reformation England: Essays in Honour of Nicholas Tyacke (Woodbridge, 2006): 60-79

__________’Offending God : John Foxe and English Protestant Reaction to the Cult of the Virgin Mary’ Studies in Church History 39 (2004): 228-38

__________’Providence and prescription : the account of Elizabeth in Foxe's "Book of Martyrs"’ in Susan Doran and Thomas Freeman (eds.), The Myth of Elizabeth (Basingstoke, 2003): 27-55

__________’John Bale's Book of Martyrs? : The Account of King John in Acts and Monuments’ Reformation 3 (1998): 175-224

__________The reformation of the church in this Parliament" : Thomas Norton, John Foxe and the Parliament of 1571, Parliamentary History 16 (1997): 131-47

Freeman, Thomas & Mayer, Thomas (eds.), Martyrs and Martyrdom in England 1400-1700 (Woodbridge, 2007)

Freeman, Thomas & Wall, S, ‘Racking the body, shaping the text : the account of Anne Askew in Foxe's "Book of Martyrs"’, Renaissance Quarterly 54 (2001): 1165-98

Frith, Katharine, The Apocalyptic Tradition in Reformation Britain, 1530-1645 (Oxford, 1979)

Garcia, Romona, '"Most wicked superstition and idolatry": John Foxe, his predecessors and the development of an anti-Catholic polemic in the sixteenth-century accounts of the reign of Mary I',  John Foxe at home and abroad, ed. David Michael Loades. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.

Haller, William, Foxe’s Book of Martyrs and Elect Nation (London, 1963)

Harkins, Robert, ‘“Persecutors Under the Cloak of Policy”: Anti-Catholic Vengence and Marian Hierarchy in Elizabethan England’, Sixteenth Century Journal 48 (2017): 357-84

Heal, Felicity, 'Appropriating History: Catholic and Protestant Polemics and the National Past', Huntington Library Quarterly, 68 (2005), 109-32

Kapitaniak, Pierre, ‘Reginald Scot and the circles of power : witchcraft, anti-catholicism and faction politics’ in Supernatural and secular power in early modern England; edited by Marcus Harmes, Victoria Bladen. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015) 41-66

Lake, Peter, Bad Queen Bess? Libels, Secret Histories, and the politics of publicity in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (Oxford, 2016)

____________‘The Monarchical Republic of Elizabeth I revisited by its victims as conspiracy’ in Barry Coward & Julia Swann (eds), Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories in early modern Europe: from the Waldensians to the French Revolution (Aldershot, 2004): 87-111

___________ Anglicans and Puritans? Presbyterianism and English Conformist Thought from Whitgift to Hooker (1988)

___________ ‘Calvinism and the English Church, 1570-1635’, Past and Present 114 (1986): 32-76

___________ ‘William Bradhsaw, Antichrist and the community of the godly’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 36 (1985): 570-89

___________ Moderate Puritans and the Elizabethan Church (Cambridge, 1982)

__________ ‘The significance of the Elizabethan Idea of the Pope as Antichrist’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 31 (1980): 161-78

Lake, Peter & Questier, Michael, ‘Puritans, Papists, and the “Public Sphere” in early modern England: the Edmund Campion affair in Context’, Journal of Modern History 72 (2000): 587-627

_________________________The Antichrist’s Lewd Hat: Protestants, Papists and Players in post-Reformation England (Yale, 2002)

Larocca, John, ‘Popery and pounds : the effect of the Jesuit mission on penal legislation’ in McCoog, Thomas M. (ed.), The reckoned expense : Edmund Campion and the early English Jesuits : essays in celebration of the first centenary of Campion Hall, Oxford (1896-1996) (Woodbridge and Rochester (NY): Boydell, 1996) : 249-63

Lock, John, ‘'How many tercios has the Pope?' : the Spanish War and the sublimation of Elizabethan anti-popery’, History 81 (1996): 197-214

Lucas, Scott, ‘The Birth and Later Career of the Author William Baldwin (d. 1563)’ Huntington Library Quarterly 79 (2016): 149-162

Mason, Roger A, 'George Buchanan's vernacular polemics, 1570-1572', Innes Review, 54, 1 (2003)

McCoog, Thomas M, 'The Flower of Oxford: The role of Edmund Campion in early Crespin polemics', Sixteenth Century Journal,  (1994?)

Monta, Susannah, Martyrdom and Literature in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2005)

______________’The Inheritance of Anne Askew, Protestant Martyr’, Archiv fur Reformationsgeschichte 94 (2003): 134-60

____________’Foxe’s Female Martyrs and the Sanctity of Transgression’, Renaissance and Reformation 25 (2001): 3-22

Morton, Adam, ‘Images and the Senses in Post-Reformation England’, Reformation 20 (2015) 77-100

Olsen, Viggo Norskov, John Foxe and the Elizabethan Church (Berkeley, LA and London, 1973)

Parish, Helen, Monks, Miracles and Magic: the Reformation representation of the Medieval Church (London, 2005)

__________, ‘Monks, Miracles, and Magic: the Medieval Church in Reformation Polemic’, Reformation 8 (2003): 117-42

__________’“Lying Histories Fayning False Miracles”: Magic, Miracles and Reformation Polemic’, Reformation and Renaissance Review 4 (2000): 230-40

__________’“Impudent and Abominable Fictions”: Rewriting the Saints Lives in the English Reformation’, Sixteenth Century Journal 32 (2001): 45-65

__________Clerical Marriage and the English Reformation (Aldershot, 2000)

__________’“By this mark you shall know him”: clerical celibacy and Antichrist in English Reformation polemic’, Studies in Church History 33 (1997): 253-68

_________’“Beastly is their Living and Their Doctrine”: celibacy and theological corruption in English Reformation polemic’ in Bruce Gordon (ed.), Protestant history and identity in sixteenth century Europe, vol 1: The Medieval Inheritance (Aldershot, 1996): 138-52

Parker, John, The Aesthetics of the Antichrist: From Christian Drama to Christopher Marlowe (Ithaca and London, 2007)

Petersen, Rodney L, Preaching in the Last Days: the Theme of the ‘Two Witnesses’ in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (Oxford, 1993)

Rainer Pineas, 'John Bale's nondramatic works of religious controversy', Studies in the Renaissance, 9 (1962), 218-33

———, Tudor and early Stuart anti-Catholic drama   (Nieuwkoop, 1972).

———, 'William Tyndale's influence on John Bale's polemical use of history', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, liii (1962), 79-96

Shagan, Ethan, The Rule of Moderation: Violence, Religion and the Politics of Restraint in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2011)

Shell, Alison, Catholicism, Controversy and the English Literary Imagination, 1558-1660 (Cambridge, 1999)

Thorp, M.R, 'William Cecil and Antichrist: a study in anti-Catholic ideology', Politics, religion, and diplomacy in early modern Europe, ed. M.R. Thorp and A.J. Slavin. Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, vol. xxvii, 289-304. Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal, 1994.

Underwood, Lucy, ‘Persuading the queen's majesty's subjects from their allegiance : treason, reconciliation and confessional identity in Elizabethan England’ Historical Research 89 (2016): 246-67

Walsham, Alexandra, ‘Supping with Satan’s Disciples : Spiritual and Secular Sociability in Post-Reformation England’ in Getting along? : religious identities and confessional relations in early modern England : essays in honour of Professor W.J. Sheils; edited by Nadine Lewycky and Adam Morton. (St. Andrews studies in Reformation history) (Farnham: Ashgate, 2012) : 29-56

________________ ‘ The spider and the bee : the perils of printing for refutation in Tudor England’ in King, John N., 1945- (ed.), Tudor books and readers : materiality and the construction of meaning (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010) : 163-90

________________ ‘“This Newe Army of Satan”: The Jesuit Mission and the Formation of Public Opinion in Elizabethan England’ in Lemmings, David; Walker, Claire, 1965- (ed.), Moral panics, the media and the law in early modern England (Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009) : 41-62

________________,"A Very Deborah?" The myth of Elizabeth I as a providential monarch’ in Doran, Susan; Freeman, Thomas S., 1959- (ed.), The myth of Elizabeth (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003) : 143-68

_________________, Providence in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1999)

_________________, Church Papists: Catholicism, conformity and confessional polemic in early modern England (Woodbridge, 1993)

Wiener, Carol Z, ‘The Beleagured Isle: A Study of Elizabethan and Early Jacobean Anti-Catholicism’, Past and Present 51 (1971): 27-62

17th Century

Almond, Philip C, ‘Henry More and the Apocalypse’, Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (1993): 189-200

Altman, Shanyn, ‘ “An Anxious Entangling and Perplexing of Consciences”: John Donne and Catholic recusant mendacity’, European Journal of English Studies 19 (2015): 176-88

Apetrei, Sarah, ‘Masculine virgins : celibacy and gender in later Stuart London’ in Religion and women in Britain, c. 1660-1760; edited by Sarah Apetrei and Hannah Smith. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014) 41-59

Ball, Bryan W, A Great Expectation: Eschatological Thought in English Protestantism to 1660 (Leiden, 1975)

Bradstock, Andrew, ‘Millenarianism in the Reformation and the English Revolution’ in Stephen Hunt (ed.), Christian Millenarianism: From the Early Church to Waco (Bloomington, IN, 2001)

Brady, David, ‘1666: The Year of the Beast’, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 61 (1979): 314-36

____________The Contribution of British Writers Between 1560 and 1830 to the Interpretation of Revolation 13:16-18: a Study in the History of Exegesis (Tübingen, 1983)

____________’The Number of the Beast in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century England’, The Evangelical Quarterly 45 (1973): 219-40

Brooks, Sara Erickson, "The early church in the sacred and secular politics of England and the United Provinces, c. 1580--1616." Ph.D., Princeton University, 2009.
Brown, Cedric C, '"This Islands watchful Centinel": anti-Catholicism and proto-Whiggery', The Cambridge companion to English literature 1650-1740, ed. Steven N. Zwicker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Bulman, William J, ‘Publicity and Popery on the Restoration Stage : Elkanah Settle's The Empress of Morocco in Context’, Journal of British Studies 51 (2012): 308-39

Burgess, Glenn, Absolute Monarchy and Stuart Constitution (New Haven, 1996)

Burns, William E, ‘A Whig Apocalypse: Astrology, Millenarianism, and Politics in England during the Restoration Crisis’ in James E Force and Richard H Popkin (eds.), Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture, Vol III (Dordecht, 2001): 29-41

Bustin, Denis, Paradox and Perseverance: Hanserd Knollys, Particular Baptist Pioneer in Seventeenth-Century England (Milton Keynes, 2006)

Capp, Bernard, ‘Extreme Millenarianism’ in Peter Toon (ed.), Puritans, the Millennium and the Future of Israel: Puritan Eschatology 1600-1660 (London, 1970): 66-90

____________’The Political Dimensions of Apocalyptic Thought’ in C.A. Patrides and Joseph Witteich (eds.), The Apocalypse in English Renaissance Thought and Literature: Patterns, Antecedents and Repercussions (Manchester, 1984): 93-124

Chakravorty, Swapan, Society and Politics in the Plays of Thomas Middleton (Oxford, 1996)

Champion, Justin, 'Popes and guys and anti-Catholicism', Gunpowder plots, ed. Brenda Buchanan. London: Allen Lane, 2005.

Christianson, Paul, Reformers and Babylon: English Apocalyptic Visions from the Reformation to the Civil War (Toronto, 1978)

Claydon, Tony, Europe and the Making of England 1660-1760 (Cambridge, 2007)

Cogswell, Thomas, The Blessed Revolution: English Politics and the Coming of War, 1621-24 (Cambridge, 1989)

Cole, Susan, ‘The Stuarts and popery : the misapprehensions of a century’ , Royal Stuart Miscellany (1999)

Condren, Conal, ‘Andrew Marvell as polemicist : his account of the growth of popery, and arbitrary government’ in Condren, Conal; Cousins, A. D., 1950- (ed.), The political identity of Andrew Marvell (Aldershot, 1990) : 157-87

Cramsie, John, ‘The Philosophy of Imperial Kingship and the Interpretation of James VI and I’, in Ralph Houlbroke (ed.), James VI and I: Ideas, Authority and Government (Aldershot, 2006)

Croft, Pauline, ‘Rex Pacificus, Robert Cecil, and the 1604 Peace with Spain’ in Glenn Burgess, Rowland Wymer, and Jason Lawrence (eds.), The Accession of James I: Historical and Cultural Consequences (Basingstoke, 2006)

Davis, Paul, ‘Popery and Publishing in the Restoration Crisis : A Whig Gentry Family's Credit Account with their London Bookseller, 1680—1683’ The Library 15 (2014): 261-91

Dobbins, Austin C, Milton and the Book of Revelation (Alabama, 1975)

Dolan, Frances E, Whore of Babylon: Catholicism, Gender, and Seventeenth Century Culture (Ithaca, 1999)

______________’“The Wretched Subject the Whole Town Talks of”: Representing Elizabeth Cellier (London, 1680)’ in Arthur Marotti (ed.) Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (London, 1999), 218-58

Erikson, Roy, ‘Marlowe’s political balancing act : religion and 'translatio imperii' in Doctor Faustus (B)’ in The circulation of knowledge in early modern English literature; edited by Sophie Chiari. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015) 107-22

Fatovic, Clement, 'The Anti-Catholic Roots of Liberal and Republican Conceptions of Freedom in English Political Thought', Journal of the History of Ideas, 66, 1 (2005)

Fincham, Kenneth & Lake, Peter, ‘Popularity, prelacy and Puritanism in the 1630s: Joseph Hall explains himself’, English Historical Review 111 (1996): 856-81

Fixler, Michael, ‘The Apocalypse Within Paradise Lost’ in Thomas Kranidas (ed.), New Essays on Paradise Lost (Berkeley and Los Angeles), 131-78

____________Milton and the Kingdoms of God (London, 1964)

Ford, Alan, ‘The Church of Ireland, 1558-1634 : a puritan church?’ in Alan Ford, James McGuire and Kenneth Milne (eds.), As By Law Established: The Church of Ireland Since the Reformation (Dublin, 1995): 52-68, 235-41

________’The origins of Irish dissent’ in Kevin Herlihy (ed.), The religion of Irish dissent, 1650-1800 (Blackrock, 1996): 9-30

________’James Ussher and the creation of an Irish protestant identity’ in Benjamin Bradshaw and Peter Roberts (eds.), British Consciousness and Identity: the making of Britain, 1533-1707 (Cambridge, 1998): 185-212

_______’James Ussher and the Godly prince in early seventeenth-century Ireland’ in Hiram Morgan (ed.), Political Ideology in Ireland, 1541-1641 (Dublin, 1999): 203-28

_______’Martyrdom, history and memory in early modern Ireland’ in Ian McBride (ed.), History and Memory in Early Modern Ireland (Cambridge, 2001): 43-66

________’“Firm Catholics” or “loyal subjects”? Religions and political allegiance in early seventeenth century Ireland’ in David George Boyce, Robert Eccleshall, and Vincent Geoghegan (eds.), Political Discourse in Seventeenth and eighteenth Century Ireland (Basingstoke, 2001): 1-31

_________’Living together, living apart : sectarianism in early modern Ireland’ in Alan Ford and James McCafferty (eds.), The Origins of Sectarianism in Early Modern Ireland (Cambridge, 2005): 1-23

_______’"Force and Fear of Punishment" : Protestants and Religious Coercion in Ireland, 1603–33’ in Elizabethanne Boran & Crawford Gribben (eds.), Enforcing Reformation in Ireland and Scotland, 1550-1700 (Aldershot, 2006): 91-130

_______’Apocalyptic Ireland : 1580-1641’, Irish Theological Quarterly 78 (2013): 123-48

Fradkin, Jeremy, ‘Protestant Unity and Anti-Catholicism : The Irenicism and Philo-Semitism of John Dury in Context’, Journal of British Studies 56 (2017): 273-94

Freist, Dagmar, ‘Popery in perfection? : The experience of Catholicism : Henrietta Maria between private practice and public discourse’ in Michael J Braddick and David L Smith (eds.), The experience of Revolution in Stuart Britain and Ireland: essays in honour of John Morrill (Cambridge, 2011): 33-51

Furley, O.W, ‘The Pope-Burning Processions of the Late-Seventeenth Century’, History 45 (1959): 16-23

Gaffney, Declan, 'The practice of religious controversy in Dublin, 1600-1641', The churches, Ireland and the Irish, ed. W.J. Sheils and Diana Wood. Studies in Church History, xxv, 145-58. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

Gilespie, Raymond, Seventeenth-Century Ireland: Making Ireland Modern (Dublin, 2006)

Gill, Catie, ‘"Bad Catholics" : Anti-Popery in This is a Short Relation (Katherine Evans and Sarah Cheevers, 1662)’ in Paul Salzman (ed.), Expanding the Canon of early modern Women’s Writing (Newcastle, 2010): 234-47

Glickman, Gabriel, ‘Empire, "Popery," and the Fall of English Tangier, 1662–1684’ Journal of Modern History 87 (2015): 247-80

Goldie, Mark, ‘Danby, the Bishops, and the Whigs’ in Tim Harris, Paul Seaward, and Mark Goldie (eds.), The Politics of Religion in Restoration England (Oxford, 1990)

___________’The Huguenot Experience and the Problem of Toleration in Restoration England’ in C.E.J Caldicott and J.P. Pittion (ed.), The Huguenots and Ireland: Anatomy of an Emigration (Dublin, 1987): 175-203

__________’John Locke and Anglican Royalism’, Political Studies 31 (1983): 61-85

__________’Joshua Basset, Popery and revolution’ in Beales, Derek Edward Dawson; Nisbet, Hugh Barr (ed.), Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge : historical essays in commemoration of the quatercentenary (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996) : 111-30

Greaves, Richard, Deliver Us From Evil: the Radical Underground in Britain 1660-63 (Oxford, 1986)

_____________Enemies Under His Feet: Radicals and Nonconformists in Britain 1664-77 (Stanford, 1990)

___________Secrets of the Kingdom: British Radicals from the Popish Plot to the Revolution of 1688-89 (Stanford, 1992)

Ha, Polly, ‘Spiritual Treason and the Politics of Intercession : Presbyterians, Laudians and the Church of England’ in Puritans and Catholics in the Atlantic world, 1600-1850; edited by Crawford Gribben, R. Scott Spurlock. (Christianities in the trans-Atlantic world, 1500-1800) (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) 66-88.

Haley, K.H.D, The First Earl of Shaftesbury (Oxford, 1968)

___________’ "No Popery" in the Reign of Charles II’ in Bromley, J. S.; Kossmann, E. H. (ed.), Britain and the Netherlands. Vol. 5 : some political mythologies. (Papers delivered to the fifth Anglo-Dutch historical conference) (The Hague, 1975) : 102-19

Harris, Tim, London Crowds in the Reign of Charles II: Propaganda and Politics from the Restoration to the Exclusion Crisis (Cambridge, 1987)

_________Restoration: Charles II and His Kingdoms (London, 2005)

Harth, Phillip, Pen for a Party: Dryden’s Tory Propaganda in Its Contexts (Princeton, 1993)

Hibbard, Caroline, Charles I and the Popish Plot (Chapel Hill, 1983)

Hill, Christopher, Antichrist in Seventeenth Century England (London, 1971)

Hinds, Peter, ‘The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London (Oxford, 2010)

Hutton, Sarah, ‘The Appropriating of Joseph Mede: Millenarianism in the 1640s’ in James E Force and Richard H Popkin (eds.), Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern Culture, volume III (Dordrecht, 2001), 1-11

____________’Henry More and the Apocalypse’ in Michael Wilks (ed.), Prophecy and Eschatology (Oxford, 1994), 131-40

Jacob, Margaret C & Lockwood, W.A, ‘Political Millenarianism and Burnet’s Sacred Theory’, Science Studies 2 (1972): 265-79

Jenkins, P, ‘Anti-popery on the Welsh marches in the seventeenth century’, Historical Journal 23 (1980): 275-93

Johnston, Warren, Revolution Restored: The Apocalyspe in Later Seventeenth Century England (Woodbridge, 2011)

_______________’The Patience of the Saints, the Apocalypse, and Moderate Nonconformity in Restoration England’, Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire 38 (2003): 505-20

_______________’Revolution and the Revolution of 1688-89’, Historical Journal 48 (2005): 351-89

_______________’The Anglican Apocalypse in Restoration England’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 44 (2004): 467-501

_______________’Thomas Beverley and the “Late Great Revolution”: English Apocalyptic Expectation in the Late Seventeenth Century’, in Ariel Hessayon and Nicholas Keene (eds.), Scripture and Scholarship in Early Modern England (Aldershot, 2007): 158-75

Jones, J.R, The First Whigs: the Politics of the Exclusion Crisis 1678-83 (London, 1961)

Jue, Jeffrey K, Heaven Upon Earth: Joseph Mede (1586-1638) and the Legacy of Millenarianism (Dordrecht, 2006)

Keeble, Neil H, The Literary Culture of Nonconformity in Later Seventeenth-Century England (Leicester, 1987)

Kenyon, J.P, The Popish Plot (Hammondsworth, 1972)

Kimbro, Devori, ‘“A cardinalles red-hat, and a kings golden crowne”: Pamphlet anti-Catholicism and fabricated authority in Thomas Milles’s The Misterie of Iniquitie (1611) Prose Studies 37 (2015): 181-99

Knights, Mark, Politics and Opinion in Crisis, 1678-81 (Cambridge, 1994)

Korshin, Paul J, ‘Queing and Waiting: The Apocalypse in England, 16601750’ in C.A. Patrides and Joseph Wittreich (eds), The Apocalypse in English Renaissance Thought and Literature: Patterns, Antecedents and Repercussions (Manchester, 1984): 240-65

Lake, Peter, ‘Antipuritanism: the structure of a prejudice’ in Kenneth and Fincham and Peter Lake (eds), Religious Politics in post-Reformation England: essays in honour of Nicholas Tyacke (Woodbridge, 2006): 80-97

___________‘The King (the queen) and the Jesuit: James Stuart’s true law of free monarchies in contexts’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th ser 14 (2004): 243-60

___________The boxmaker’s revenge: ‘orthodoxy’, ‘heterodoxy’, and the politics of the parish in early Stuart London (Manchester, 2001)

___________‘Antipopery: the structure of a prejudice’ in Richard Cust and Ann Hughes (eds.), Conflict in early Stuart England: studies in religion and politics 1603-1642 (Harlow, 1989): 72-106

__________‘Constitutional Consensus and Puritan Opposition in the 1620s: Thomas Scott and the Spanish Match’, Historical Journal 25 (1982): 805-25

Lamont, William M, ‘Richard Baxter, "Popery" and the origins of the English Civil War’ History 87 (2002): 336-52

_______________‘Christian Magistrate and Romish Wolf’, in Ann Williams (ed.), Prophecy and Millenarianism: Essays in Honour of Marjorie Reeves (London, 1980): 279-303

________________Richard Baxter and the Millennium: Protestant Imperialism and the English Revolution (London, 1979)

________________’Richard Baxter, the Apocalypse and the Mad Major’, Past and Present 55 (1972): 68-70

________________Godly Rule: Politics and Religion, 1603-1660 (London, 1969)

Lee, Maurice Jr, James I and Henry IV: An Essay in English Foreign Policy 1603-1610 (Urbana, 1970)

____________Great Britain’s Solomon: James VI and I in His Three Kingdoms (Urbana and Chicago, 1990)

Loewenstein, David, Milton and the Drama of History: Historical Vision, Iconoclasm, and the Literary Imagination (Cambridge, 1990)

Elizabeth Ann Macfayden, 'No popery', a political cry of seventeenth century England (Ithaca, 1934)

Marotti, Arthur F (ed.), Religious Ideology and Cultural Fantasy: Catholic and Anti-Catholic Discourses in Early Modern England (Notre Dame Press, 2005)

_________________, Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (London, 1999)

_________________’ Southwell's remains : Catholicism and anti-Catholicism in early modern England’ in Brown, Cedric C. (Cedric Clive), 1943-; Marotti, Arthur F., 1940- (ed.), Texts and cultural change in early modern England (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997) : 37-65

_________________’Alienating Catholics in Early Modern England: Recusant Women, Jesuits and Ideological Fantasies’ in idem, Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (London, 1999) 1-34

McCormick, Ted ‘Moral geometry in Restoration Ireland : Samuel Foley’s ‘Computatio universalis’ (1684) and the science of colonisation’ Irish Historical Studies 158 (2016): 192-207

McGrath, C.I, 'Securing the Protestant interest: the origins and purpose of the penal laws of 1695', Irish Historical Studies, xxx, no 117 (1996), 25-46

Miller, John, Popery and Politics in England 1660-1688 (Cambridge, 2011: original 1978)

__________After the Civil Wars: English Politics and Government in the Reign of Charles II (London, 2000)

Milton, Anthony, ‘Attitudes towards the Protestant and Catholic Churches’ in A Milton (ed), Oxford History of Anglicanism, vol 1: Reformation and Identity 1520-1662 (Oxford, 2017), 333-351

______________’Arminians, Laudians, Anglicans, and Revisionists: Back to Which drawing board?’, Huntington Library Quarterly 78 (2015): 723-43

______________’The creation of Laudianism: a new approach’ in Kenneth Fincham and Peter Lake (eds), Religious Politics in post-Reformation England: essays in honour of Nicholas Tyacke (Woodbridge, 2006): 162-84

______________’A Qualified Intolerance: The Limits and Ambiguities of Early Stuart Anticatholicism’ in Arthur Marotti (ed), Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (London, 1999)

______________Catholic and Reformed: Roman and Protestant churches in English Political Thought 1600-1640 (Cambridge, 1994)

Morton, Adam, ‘Sanctity and suspicion : catholicism, conspiracy and the representation of Henrietta Maria of France and Catherine of Braganza, queens of Britain’ in Queens consort, cultural transfer and European politics, c. 1500-1800; edited by Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly, Adam Morton. (London: Routledge, 2017) : 172-201

________ ‘Popery, politics, and play : visual culture in succession crisis England’, Seventeenth Century 31 (2016): 411-49

________ ‘A Product of Confession or Corruption? The Common Weales Canker Wormes (c. 1625) and the Progress of Sin in Early Modern England’ in Illustrated religious texts in the north of Europe, 1500-1800; edited by Feike Dietz., Adam Morton, Els Stronks, Marc Van Vaeck, Lien Roggen. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014) : 135-66

________ ‘Intensive ephemera : The Catholick Gamesters and the visual culture of news in Restoration London’ in Simon Davies and Puck Fletcher (eds.), News in early modern Europe: Currents and Connections (Brill: 2014), 115-40

Mullan, David George, ‘Masked popery and Pyrrhonian uncertainty : the early Scottish covenanters on Arminianism’ Journal of Religious History 21 (1997): 159-77

Munns, Jessica, ‘Channel crossing : the Guise in British drama’ in Aspiration, representation and memory : the Guise in Europe, 1506-1688; edited by Jessica Munns, Penny Richards, Jonathan Spangler. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015) 183-96

Newton, Diana, The Making of the Jacobean Regime: James VI and I and the Government of England (Woodbridge, 2005)

Norbrook, David, Writing the English Republic: Poetry, Rhetoric and Politics, 1627-1660 (Cambridge, 2000)

_____________Poetry and Politics in the English Renaissance, rev. ed (Oxford, 2002)

Owens, W.R, ‘“Antichrist must be Pulled Down”: Bunyan and the Millennium’ in Anne Laurence and W.R. Owens (eds.), John Bunyan and His England, 1628-1688 (London, 1990): 77-94

Patrides, C.A and Wittreich, Joseph (eds.), The Apocalypse in English Renaissance Thought and Literature (Manchester, 1984)

Patterson, W.B, King James VI and the Reunion of Christendom (Cambridge, 1997)

 Pereira Grandela Meira Serras, ‘Anti-popery and the elect nation in early modern England : Elizabeth I to John Locke’ in Homem, Rui Manuel G. de Carvalho; Vieira, Fátima (ed.), Gloriana's rule : literature, religion and power in the age of Elizabeth (Porto: Editora da Universidade do Porto, 2006) : 163-71

Pincus, Steven, Protestantism and Patriotism: Ideologies and the Making of English Foreign Policy, 1650-1688 (Cambridge, 2002)

___________’ Popery, trade and universal monarchy : the ideological context of the outbreak of the second Anglo-Dutch war’, English Historical Review 107 (1992): 1-29

Porter, Warren, Presbyterians, the Pope and the Westminster confession.  The Anti-Christ debate in the Presbyterian church in Ireland   (Belfast, 1989).

Questier, Michael, ‘Crypto-Catholicism, anti-Calvinism and conversion at the Jacobean court: the enigma of Benjamin Carier’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 47 (1996): 43-64

Robertson, Diana, 'Bishop Lancelot Andrewes and his gunpowder treason sermons, 1606-1618', Grounds of controversy : three studies in late 16th and early 17th century English polemics, ed. D. E. Kennedy, Diana Robertson and Alexandra Walsham. Parkville (Vic): History Department University of Melbourne, 1989.

Rogers, P.G, The Fifth Monarchy Men (London, 1966)

Rose, Jacqueline, Godly Kingship in Restoration England: the Politics of the Royal Supremacy, 1660-1688 (Cambridge, 2011)

Rubright, Majorie, ‘“Going Dutch in London City Comedy”: Economies of Sexual and Sacred Exchange in John Martston’s The Dutch Courtesan (1605)’ ELR, 40 88-112

Salazar, Greg, ‘Polemicist as Pastor : Daniel Featley's Anti-Catholic Polemic and Countering Lay Doubt in England during the early 1620s’, Studies in Church History 52 (2016): 315-330

Salter, David, '"This demon in the garb of a monk": Shakespeare, the Gothic and the discourse of anti-Catholicism', Shakespeare, 5, 1 (2009)

Scott, Jonathan, England’s Troubles: seventeenth-century English political instability in European Context (Cambridge, 2000)

____________’England’s Troubles 1603-1702’ in Robert Malcolm Smuts (ed.), The Stuart Court and Europe: Essays in politics and political culture (Cambridge, 1996): 20-38

___________Algernon Sidney and the Restoration Crisis 1677-83 (Cambridge, 1991)

___________’England’s Troubles: Exhuming the Popish Plot’ in Tim Harris, Paul Seaward and Mark Goldie (eds.), The Politics of Religion in Restoration England (Oxford, 1990): 107-31

__________Algernon Sidney and the English Republic 1623-77 (Cambridge, 1988)

Shami, Jeanne, 'Anti-Catholicism in the sermons of John Donne' in  The English sermon revised : religion, literature and history, 1600-1750, ed. Lori Anne Ferrell and Peter E. McCullough. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2001.

Sharpe, Kevin, The Personal Rule of Charles I (New Haven, 1992)

___________Reading Revolutions: The Politics of Reading in Early Modern England (New Haven, 2000)

___________Remapping Early Modern England: The Culture of Seventeenth-Century Politics (Cambridge, 2000)

Somerville, Johann, Politics and Ideology in England 1603-1640 (London and New York, 1995)

Sowerby, Scott, ‘Opposition to Anti-Popery in Restoration England’, Journal of British Studies 51 (2012): 26-49

Spurlock, R. Scott, ‘"I do disclaim both Ecclesiasticke and Politick Popery" : Lay Catholic Identity in Early Modern Scotland’, Records of the Scottish Church History Society 38 (2008): 5-22

Spurr, John, ‘“Rational Religion” in Restoration England’, Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (1988): 563-85

___________The Restoration Church of England, 1646-89 (New Haven, 1991)

___________The Post-Reformation: Religion, Politics and Society in Britain 1603-1714 (London, 2006)

Starkie, Andrew, ‘Gilbert Burnet's Reformation and the semantics of popery’ in Jason McElligott (ed.), Fear, exclusion and revolution : Roger Morrice and Britain in the 1680s (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006) : 138-53

Stocker, Margarita, Apocalyptic Marvell: the Second Coming in Seventeenth Century Poetry (Athens, OH, 1986)

Streete, Adrian, Apocalypse and Anti-Catholicism in Seventeenth-Century English Drama (Cambridge, 2017)

____________(ed.), Early Modern Drama and the Bible: Contexts and Readings, 1570-1625 (Basingstoke, 2012)

Tapsell, Grant, The Personal Rule of Charles II, 1681-85 (Woodbridge, 2007)

Thompson, Andrew C, ‘Popery, politics, and private judgement in early Hanoverian Britain’ Historical Journal 45 (2002): 333-56

Todd, Margo, ‘"All one with Tom Thumb" : Arminianism, Popery, and the story of the reformation in early Stuart Cambridge’ Church History 64 (1995): 568-79

Trevor-Roper, Hugh, ‘Hugo Grotius and England’ in From Counter Reformation to Glorious Revolution (London, 1992): 47-82

Tyacke, Nicholas, Anti-Calvinists: The rise of English Arminianism c1590-1640 (Oxford, 1990)

Van den Berg, Johannes, ‘Continuity within a Changing Context: Henry More’s Millennarianism, Seen Against the Background of a the Millenarian Concepts of Joseph Mede’, Pietismum und Neuzeit 14 (1988): 185-202

Wadkins, T.H, 'The Percy-"Fisher" controversies and the ecclesiastical politics of Jacobean anti-Catholicism, 1622-1625', Church History, 57 (1988), 153-69

Walsham, Alexandra, ‘Cultures of Coexistence in Early Modern England : History, Literature and Religious Toleration’ Seventeenth Century 28 (2013): 115-37

_________________Charitable Hatred: Tolerance Intolerance in England 1500-1700 (Manchester, 2006)

___________‘Impolitic pictures: providence, history, and the iconography of Protestant nationhood in early Stuart England’ Studies in Church History 33 (1997): 307-28

_________________"The fatall vesper": providentialism and anti-Popery in late Jacobean London, Past and Present 144 (1994): 36-87

Walter, John, ‘Anti-Popery and the Stour Valley Riots of 1642’ in Chadd, David (ed.), History of religious dissent in East Anglia, III (Norwich: Centre of East Anglian Studies, University of East Anglia, 1996) : 121-40

Watkins, John, ‘“Out of her Ashes May a Second Phoenix Rise”: James I and the Legacy of Elizabethan Anti-Catholicism’ Arthur Marotti (ed.), Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (London, 1999), 116-36

White, B.R, Hanserd Knollys and Radical Dissent in the 17th Century (London, 1977)

White, Jason, Militant Protestantism and British Identity, 1603-1642 (London, 2001)

Zakai, Avihu, ‘Thomas Brightman and the English Apocalyptic Tradition’ in Yosef Kaplan, Henry Mechoulan, and Richard H Popkin (eds), Menasseh ben Israel and His World (Leiden, 1989): 31-44

Zook, Melinda, Radical Whigs and Conspiratorial Politics in Late Stuart England (University Park, PA, 1999)

Civil Wars

Braddick, M.J, ‘Prayer Book and Protestation: Anti-Popery, Anti-Puritanism and the Outbreak of English Civil War’ in C.W.A. Prior and G. Burgess (eds.), England’s Wars of Religion, Revisited (Farnham, 2011): 125-46

___________God’s Fury, England’s Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars (London, 2008)

Christianson, Paul, ‘From Expectation to Militance: Reformers and Babylon in the First Two Years of the Long Parliament’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 24 (1973): 225-44

Clarke, Aidan, ‘The 1641 rebellion and anti-popery in Ireland’, in Mac Cuarta, Brian (ed.), Ulster, 1641 : aspects of the rising (Belfast: Queen's University of Belfast, Institute of Irish Studies, 1993) : 139-57, 214-18

Clifton, R, ‘Popular Fear of Catholics during the English Revolution’, Past and Present 52 (1971): 23-55

________’Fear of Popery’, in Conrad Russell (ed.), The Origins of the English Civil War (1973): 144-67, 262, 271-4

Finlayson, M, Historians, Puritanism and the English Revolution (Toronto, 1983)

Fletcher, A.J, The Outbreak of the English Civil War (London, 1981)

Hopper, Andrew J, ‘"The popish army of the north" : Anti-Catholicism and Parliamentarian allegiance in civil war Yorkshire, 1642-46’ Recusant History 25 (2000): 12-28

Hoyle, D, ‘A Commons investigation of Arminianism and popery in Cambridge on the eve of the Civil War’ Historical Journal 29 (1986): 419-25

Knoppers, Laura L, '"The Antichrist, the Babilon, the great dragon": Oliver Cromwell, Andrew Marvell, and the apocalyptic monstrous',  Knoppers, Laura Lunger; Landes, Joan B. (ed.), Monstrous bodies/political monstrosities in early modern Europe (Ithaca, NY; London: Cornell University Press, 2004), 93-123, 263-69, 2004.

Morrill, J.S, ‘The religious context for the English Civil War’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th Series 35 (1985): 135-57

Russell, Conrad, The Fall of the British Monarchies 1637-1642 (Oxford, 1995)

Smith, Nigel, Perfection Proclaimed: Language and Literature in English Radical Religion 1640-1660 (Oxford, 1989)

__________Literature and Revolution in England 1640-1660 (New Haven, 1994)

Walter, John, ‘Crowds and Popular Politics in the English Revolution’ in The Oxford handbook of the English Revolution; edited by Michael J. Braddick. (Oxford handbooks in history) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015) 330-46

1688 Revolution

Childs, John, The Williamite Wars in Ireland, 1688-91 (London, 2007)

Claydon, Tony, William III and the Godly Revolution (Cambridge, 1996)

Goldie, Mark, ‘The Political Thought of the Anglican Revolution’ in Robert Beddard (ed.), The Revolution of 1688: The Andrew Browning Lectures 1988 (Oxford, 1991): 102-36

Harris, Tim, Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy, 1685-1720 (London, 2007)

Hoak, Dale, ‘The Anglo-Dutch Revolution of 1688-89’ in Dale Hoak and Mardechai Feingold (eds.), The World of William and Mary: Anglo-Dutch Perspectives on the Revolution of 1688-89 (Stanford, 1996): 1-26

Hoppit, Julian, A Land of Liberty? England 1689-1727 (Oxford, 2000)

Knetsch, F.R.J, ‘Pierre Jurieu and the Glorious Revolution According to His “Lettres Pastorales”’ in J. van den Berg and P.G. Hoftijzer (eds.), Church, Change and Revolution: Transactions of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch Church History Colloquium (Leiden, 1991): 145-66

Lucy, Gordon and McClure, Elaine (eds.), The Twelfth: What it Means to Me (Lurgan, 1997)

McTague, John, ‘Anti-Catholicism, Incorrigibility, and the Warming-Pan Scandal of 1688-9’, British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 36 (2013): 433-48

Newport, Kenneth, ‘Benjamin Keach, William of Orange and the Book of Revelation: a Study in English Prophetical Exegesis’, Baptist Quarterly 36 (1995): 43-51

Newport, Kenneth, 'Revelation 13 and the papal antichrist in eighteenth-century England: a study in New Testament eisegesis', John Rylands University Library of Manchester Bulletin, 79 (1997), 143-60

Pincuss, Steven, 1688: the First Modern Revolution (New Have, 2009)

Schochet, Gordon J ‘The Act of Toleration and the Failure of Comprehension: Persecution, Nonconformity and Religious Indifference’ in Dale Hoak and Mordechai Feingold (eds.), The World of William and Mary: Anglo-Dutch Perspectives on the Revolution of 1688-89 (Stanford, 1996): 165-87

_____________’From Persecution to “Toleration”’ in J.R Jones (ed.), Liberty Secured? Britain Before and After 1688 (Stanford, 1992): 122-57

Sowerby, Scott, Making Toleration: The Repealers and the Glorious Revolution (Cambridge, Mass, 2013)

Speck, W.A, Reluctant Revolutionaries: Englishmen and the Revolution of 1688 (Oxford, 1988)

Spurr, John, ‘The Church of England, Comprehension and the Toleration Act of 1689’, English Historical Review 104 (1989): 927-46

Straka, Gerald, Anglican Reaction to the Revolution of 1688 (Madison, WI, 1962)

Van der Wall, Johnannes, ‘Glorious Revolution and Millennium: the “Apocalyptic Thoughts” of Drue Cressener’ in J. van den Berg and P.G. Hoftijzer (eds.), Church, Change and Revolution: Transaction of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch Church History Colloquium (Leiden, 1991): 130-44

Van der Wall, Ernestine, ‘“Antichrist Stormed”: the Glorious Revolution and the Dutch Prophetic Tradition’ in  Dale Hoak and Mordechai Feingold (eds.), The World of William and Mary: Anglo-Dutch Perspectives on the Revolution of 1688-89 (Stanford, 1996): 152-64

Vyroubalová, Ema,  ‘Catholic and Puritan Conspiracies in Samuel Ward’s The Double Deliverance (1621)’ in Puritans and Catholics in the Atlantic world, 1600-1850; edited by Crawford Gribben, R. Scott Spurlock. (Christianities in the trans-Atlantic world, 1500-1800) (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) 47-65

18th Century

Bartlett, Thomas, Dickson, David, Keogh, Dáire and Whelan, Kevin (eds.), 1798: a Bicentenary Perspective (Dublin, 2003)

Bradley, James E, ‘Anti-Catholicism as Anglican Anticlericalism: Nonconformity and the Ideological Origins of Radical Disaffection’ in Nigel Aston and Matthew Cragoe (eds.), Anticlericalism in Britain c.1500-1914 (Stroud, 2000): 67-92

Brown, Cedric, ‘"This Islands watchful Centinel" : anti-Catholicism and proto-Whiggery’ in Zwicker, Steven N. (ed.), The Cambridge companion to English literature 1650-1740 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998) : 165-84

Bryan, Dominic, 'Interpreting the Twelfth', History Ireland, 2: 2 (1994), 37-41

Burdon, Christopher, The Apocalypse in England: Revelation Unravelling, 1700-1834 (London, 1997)

Cahill, Samantha, ‘Porn, Popery, Mahometanism, and the Rise of the Novel : Responses to the London Earthquakes of 1750’ in Brett C McInelly (ed.), Religion in the Age of Enlightenment, vol. 2 (New York, 2010):

Clark, J.C.D, ‘Protestantism, Nationalism, and National Identity 1660-1832’, Historical Journal 43 (2000)

Colley, Linda, Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (London, 2004)

Connolly, S.J, Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800 (Oxford, 2008)

___________’Eighteenth-Century Ireland: Colony of ancien regime?’ in D.G. Boyle and Aln O’Day (eds.), The Making of Modern Irish History: Revisionism and the Revisionist Controversy (London, 1996): 15-33

Donnelly, Seán, ‘“Neither a papist nor a piper”: the Jacobite roots of the abhorrence of bagpipes at Bandon’ Irish Sword 30 (2015): 157-69

Donovan, R.K, ‘Voices of Distrust: The Expression of Anti-Catholic Feeling in Scotland, 1778-81’, Innes Review 30 (1979): 62-75

____________No Popery and Radicalism: opposition to Roman Catholic Relief in Scotland, 1778-82 (New York/London, 1987)

Drury, Joseph ‘Twilight of the Virgin Idols : Iconoclash in The Monk’ The Eighteenth Century (2016): 217-33

Freeman, T.S, ‘Inventing Bloody Mary: perceptions of Mary Tudor from the Restoration to the Twentieth Century’ in Doran and Freeman (eds.), Mary I: Old and New Perspectives (Basingstoke, 2011): 78-100, 291-96

Gibbon, Peter, 'The origins of the Orange Order and the United Irishmen', Economy and Society (1972)

Gillespie, Raymond, ‘Preaching history, 1749 : the Belfast sermons of Gilbert Kennedy and James Saurin’ in Representing Irish religious histories : historiography, ideology and practice; edited by Jacqueline Hill, Mary Ann Lyons. (Histories of the sacred and secular, 1700-2000) (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017) : 123-36.

Green, Paul G, ‘Samuel Peploe and the ideology of anti-Catholicism among the Anglican clergy in early Hanoverian England’, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 145 (1996): 75-94

Harland-Jacobs, J, ‘Incorporating the King's New Subjects : Accommodation and Anti-Catholicism in the British Empire, 1763–1815’ Journal of Religious History 39 (2015): 203-23

Harrison, J.F.C, The Second Coming: Popular Millenarianism 1780-1850 (New Brunswick, NJ, 1979)

Haydon, Colin, ‘Eighteenth-Century English Anti-Catholicism : Contexts, Continuity and Diminution’ in John Wolffe (ed.), Protestant-Catholic conflict from the Reformation to the 21st Century: the dynamics of religious difference (Basingstoke, 2013): 46-70

_________’ Anti-Catholicism and Obscene Literature : The Case of Mrs. Mary Catherine Cadiere and its Context’, Studies in Church History 48 (2012): 202-18

_________’“Popery at St James’s”: the conspiracy theses of William Payne, Thomas Hollis, and Lord George Gordon’ in Barry Coward & Julia Swann (eds), Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories in early modern Europe: from the Waldensians to the French Revolution (Aldershot, 2004): 173-95

_________’Parliament and Popery in England 1700-1780’, Parliamentary History 19 (2000): 49-63

__________’“I love my king and country, but a Roman Catholic I hate”: anti-Catholicism, xenophobia, and national identity in eighteenth century England’ in Tony Claydon and Ian McBride (eds.), Protestantism and National Identity: Britain and Ireland c1650-c1850 (Cambridge, 1998): 33-52

__________Anti-Catholicism in eighteenth-century England, a political and social study (Manchester, 1993)

__________’The Anti-Catholic activity of the S.P.C.K, c1698-1740’, Recusant History 18 (1987): 418-21.

Haynes, Clare, Pictures and Popery: art and religion in England, 1660-1760 (Aldershot, 2006).

__________, 'The culture of judgement: art and anti-Catholicism in England, c.1660-c.1760', Historical Research, 78, 202 (2005)

———, 'A Trial for the Patience of Reason? Grand Tourists and Anti-Catholicism after 1745', Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 33, 2 (2010)

Hayton, D.W, 'Anglo-Irish attitudes: changing perceptions of national identity among the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland c.1690-1750', Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, 17 (1987), 145-57

Hill, Jacqueline, ‘Popery and Protestantism, Civil and Religious Liberty : The Disputed Lessons of Irish History, 1690-1812’, Past and Present 118 (1988): 96-129

Keogh, Dáire, ‘The French Disease’: The Catholic Church and Radicalism in Ireland, 1790-1800 (Dublin, 1993)

Leighton, C.D.A, 'Antichrist's revolution: some Anglican apocalypticists in the age of the French wars', Journal of Religious History, xxiv, 2 (2000), 125-42

Lewis, Simon, ‘A 'papal emissary'? : George Whitefield and anti-Methodist allegations of popery, c. 1738-c. 1750’, Journal of Religious History, Literature and Culture 1 (2015): 16-34

McBride, Ian, Eighteenth-Century Ireland: The Isle of Slaves (Dublin, 2009)

___________Scripture Politics: Ulster Presbyterians and Irish Radicalism in the Late Eighteenth Century (Oxford, 1998)

__________ ‘Catholic Politics in the Penal Era : Father Sylvester Lloyd and the Delvin Address of 1727’ in Eoin Magennis, Eilis Ni Mhurchadha & Patrick Walsh (eds.), New Perspectives on the Penal Laws (Eighteenth Century Ireland, Special Issue, 2011): 115-48

_______’Ulster Presbyterianism and the Confessional State’, in Boyce, David George, Eccleshall, Robert & Geoghegan, Vincent (ed.), Political discourse in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Ireland (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave, 2001) : 169-92

__________’ Memory and forgetting : Ulster Presbyterians and 1798’ in Thomas Bartlett, David Dickson, Dáirie Keogh and Kevin Whelan (eds.), 1798: a bicentenary perspective (Dublin, 2003): 478-96

_________’ Ulster Presbyterianism and the passing of the Act of Union’ in Michael Brown, Patrick Geoghegan and James Kelly (eds.), The Act of Union 1800: bicentennial essays (Dublin, 2003): 68-83

_______‘“The common name of Irishmen”: Protestantism and patriotism in eighteenth-century Ireland’ in Claydon, Tony & McBride, Ian (ed.), Protestantism and national identity : Britain and Ireland, c.1650-c.1850 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998) : 236-64

_________ The siege of Derry in Ulster protestant mythology (Dublin, 1997)

_________‘“When Ulster joined Ireland”: Anti-popery, Presbyterian radicalism and Irish republicanism in the 1790s’, Past & Present 157 (1997): 63-93

Newport, Kenneth, Apocalypse and Millennium: Studies in Biblical Eisegesis (Cambridge, 2000)

Nockles, Peter, ‘The Changing Legacy of John Foxe’s “Book of Martyrs” in the “Long Eighteenth Century”: Varieties of Anglican, Protestant, and Catholic Response c.1760-1860’ in Robert D. Cornwall and William Gibson (eds.), Religion, Politics, and Dissent 1660-1832 (Farnham, 2010): 219-47.

___________'The Reformation Revised? The Contested Reception of the English Reformation in Nineteenth-Century Protestantism', Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, 90, 1 (2014), 231-56

____________, 'Charles Wesley, Catholicism and anti-Catholicism',  Charles Wesley : life, literature and legacy, ed. Ted A. Campbell and Kenneth G. C. Newport. Peterborough: Epworth, 2007.

———, 'The waning of Protestant unity and waxing of anti-Catholicism? Archdeacon Daubeny and the reconstruction of 'Anglican' identity in the later Georgian church, c.1780–c.1830', Religious identities in Britain, 1660-1832, ed. William T. Gibson and Robert G. Ingram. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005.

O’Sullivan, Tadhg, ‘Between Toleration and Preservation : The Popery Laws and Irish Anglicanism, 1782-1808’ in 1727’ in Eoin Magennis, Eilis Ni Mhurchadha & Patrick Walsh (eds.), New Perspectives on the Penal Laws (Eighteenth Century Ireland, Special Issue, 2011): 249-74

Prior, Charles, ‘“Then leave complaints”. Mandeville, anti-Catholicism and English orthodoxy’ in Prior, Charles W. A. (ed.), Mandeville and Augustan ideas : new essays (Victoria (BC): English Literary Studies, University of Victoria, 2000) : 51-70

Prunier, Clotilde, ‘Representations of the 'State of Popery' in Scotland in the 1720s and 1730s’ Innes Review 64 (2013): 120-226

___________, Anti-Catholic strategies in eighteenth-century Scotland   (Frankfurt am Main, 2004).

Senior, Hereward, Orangeism in Ireland and Britain, 1795-1836 (London, 1966)

Smith, Hannah, ‘The Idea of a Protestant Monarchy in Britain 1714-1760’, Past and Present 185 (2004): 91-118

Smyth, Jim, Anti-Catholicism, conservatism, and conspiracy : Sir Richard Musgrave's Memoirs of the Different Rebellions in Ireland’ Eighteenth Century Life 22 (1998): 62-73

Sneddon, Andrew, '"Those Crafty Adversaries": Bishop Francis Hutchinson and Anti-Catholic Rhetoric in Early Hanoverian England, c.1714-21', Recusant History, 27, 4 (2005)

Walsh, John, Haydon, Colin and Taylor, Stephen (eds.), The Church of England c.1689-c.1833: From Toleration to Tractarianism (Cambridge, 1993)

Whelan, Kevin, The Tree of Liberty: Radicalism, Catholicism, and the Construction of Irish Identity 1760-1830 (Cork, 1996)

Wilson, James, 'Orangeism in 1798', 1798: a bicentenary perspective, ed. Thomas Bartlett. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2003.

Yates, Nigel, The Religious Condition of Ireland 1770-1850 (Oxford, 2006)



Monod, Paul K, Jacobitism and the English People 1688-1788 (Cambridge, 1989)

Pittock, Murray, Poetry and Jacobite Politics in Eighteenth Century Britain and Ireland (Cambridge, 1994)

Gordon Riots

Castro, John Paul de, The Gordon Riots (Oxford, 1926)

Colston, Percy, The Strange History of Lord George Gordon (London, 1938)

Hay, Douglass, ‘The Laws of God and the Laws of Man: Lord Geoge Gordon and the Death Penalty’ in John Rule and Robert Malcolm (eds.), Protest and Survival: The Historical Experience (London, 1993)

Haydon, Colin, ‘The Gordon Riots in the English Provinces’, Historical Research 63 (1990): 354-59

Haywood, Ian & Seed, John, The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in late-eighteenth-century Britain (Cambridge, 2012).

Hibbert, Christopher, King Mob: The Story of Lord George Gordon and the Riots of 1780 (London, 1958)

Jones, Brad A, ‘“In Favour of Popery”: Patriotism, Protestantism, and the Gordon Riots in the Revolutionary British Atlantic’, Journal of British Studies 52 (2013): 79-102

McCalman, Iain, ‘Controlling the Riots: Dickens, Barnaby Rudge and Romantic Revolution’ in Michael T. Davis (ed.), Radicalism and Revolution in Britain 1775-1848: Essays in Honour of Malcolm I. Thomis (Basingstoke: 2000)

___________’Mad Lord George and Madame La Motte: Riot and Sexuality in the Genesis of Burke;s Reflections on the Revolution in France’, Journal of British Studies (1996): 343-67

Rogers, Nicholas, ‘Crowd and People in the Gordon Riots’, in Eckhart Hellmuth (ed.), The Transformation of Political Culture: England and Germany in the Late Eighteenth Century (Oxford, 1990): 39—55.

____________’The Gordon Riots Revisited’, Historical Papers (1988): 16-34

Rude, George, The Crowd in History: A study of Popular Disturbances in France and England 1730-1848 (London, 2005)

___________’The Gordon Riots: A Study of the Rioters and their Victims’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5th Series, 6 (1956): 93-114

Sherwood, Marika, ‘Blacks in the Gordon Riots’, History Today 47 (1997): 24-8

Shoemaker, Robert, The London Mob: Violence and Disorder in Eighteenth Century England (London: 2004)

Stevenson, John, Popular Disturbances in England, 1700-1870, 2nd edn (London, 1992)

Tilly, Charles, Popular Contention in Great Britain, 1758-1834 (Cambridge, 1995)

19th Century

Altholz, J.L, ‘The Political Behaviour of English Catholics, 1850-1867’, Journal of British Studies 4 (1964): 89-103

Arnstein, W.L, ‘The Murphy Riots: A Victorian Dilemma’, Victorian Studies 19 (1975)

____________Protestant versus Catholic in Mid-Victorian England (Columbia, Mo., 1982)

Baker, S.E, ‘Orange and green: Belfast, 1832-1912’ in H.J Dyos and Michael Wolff (eds.), The Victorian City: Images and Realities, 2 vols (London, 1973)

Atherstone, Andrew, ‘Memorializing William Tyndale’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 90 (2014): 155-78

Baker, W.J, ‘The Attitudes of English Churchmen, 1800-1850, towards the Reformation’, Ph.D thesis (Cambridge, 1966)

Balleine, G.R, A History of the Evangelical Party in the Church of England (London, 1908)

Bebbington, D.W, ‘Religion and National Identity in Nineteenth-Century Wales and Scotland’ in S.Mews (ed.), Religion and National Identity (Studies in Church History, 18: 1982), 489-503

______________Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s (London, 1989)

Bell, P.M.H, Disestablishment in Ireland and Wales (London, 1969)

Bentley, A, ‘The Transformation of the Evangelical Party in the Later Nineteenth Century’, Ph.D thesis (Durham, 1971)

Best, G.F.A, ‘The Protestant Constitution and Its Supporters, 1800-29’ Transacation of the Royal Historical Society 5th Series 8 (1958): 105-27

______________’Popular Protestantism in Victorian Britain’, in R. Robson (ed.), Ideas and Institutions in Victorian Britain (London, 1967): 115-42

______________’Evangelicalism and the Victorians’ in A. Symondson (ed.), The Victorian Crisis of Faith (London, 1970)

Billington, R.A, The Protestant Crusade (New York, 1938)

Blackey, R, ‘A War of Words: The Significance of the Propaganda Conflict between English Catholics and Protestants, 1715-1745’, Catholic Historical Review 58 (1972-3): 535-55

Blaschke, Olaf, ‘Anti-Protestantism and Anti-Catholicism in the Nineteenth-Century: A Comparison’ in Werner (ed.), European Anti-catholicism

Blumberg, F.L, ‘Obscenity and marginality’, Law and Humanities 11 (2017): 7-23

Bowen, Desmond, The Protestant Crusade in Ireland, 1800-70: a study of Protestant-Catholic Relations between Act of Union and Disestablishment (Dublin, 1978)

Boyd, Andrew, Montgomery and the Black Man: religion and politics in nineteenth-century Ulster   (Blackrock, 2006).

Brown, S.J, Providence and Empire: Religion, Politics and Society in the United Kingdom, 1815-1914 (Harlow, 2008)

Bradley, I.C, ‘The Politics of Godliness: Evangelicals in Parliament 1784-1832’, D.Phil thesis (Oxford, 1974)

__________The Call to Seriousness: The Evangelical Impact on the Victorians (London, 1976)

Bryson, A, ‘Riotous Liverpool, 1815-1860’ in J. Belchem (ed.), Popular Politics, Riot and Labour: Essays in Liverpool History 1790-1940 (Liverpool University Press, 1992): 98-134

Burnstein, Miriam E, ‘“In Ten Years There Is an Increase of 450 Priests of Antichrist”: Quantification, Catholicism and the BulwarkJournal of British Studies 56 (2017): 580-604

Bush, Jonathan, "Papists" and prejudice : popular anti-Catholicism and Anglo-Irish conflict in the north east of England, 1845-70 by Jonathan Bush   (Newcastle upon Tyne, 2013).

___________’ The priest and the parson of Hartlepool : Protestant-Catholic conflict in a nineteenth-century industrial town’, British Catholic History 33 (2016): 115-34

Cahill, G.A, ‘Irish Catholicism and English Toryism’, Review of Politics 19 (1956): 62-76

__________’The Protestant Association and the Anti-Maynooth Agitation of 1845’, Catholic Historical Review 43 (1957): 273-308

Chadwick, O, The Victorian Church, 2 vols. (London, 1966-70)

Cole, Suzanne, ‘'Popery, Palestrina, and Plain-tune' : the Oxford Movement, the Reformation and the Anglican Choral revival’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library (2014): 345-68

O’Connor, Anne, ‘An Italian Inferno in Ireland : Alessandro Gavazzi and Religious Debate in the Nineteenth Century’ in Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento; edited by Nick Carter. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) 127-50

Connolly, S.J, Religion and Society in Nineteenth Century Ireland (Dundalk, 1985)

Davis, P, ‘Birmingham’s Irish Community and the Murphy Riots’, Midland History 31 (2006)

Downer, Daniel, ‘William Murphy and Orangeism in mid-Victorian England’ History Ireland 24 (2016): 26-29

Doyle, Mark, Fighting Like the Devil for the Sake of God: Protestants, Catholics and the Origins of Violence in Victorian Belfast (Manchester, 2009)

Drummond, A.L and Bulloch, J, The Church in Victorian Scotland, 1843-1874 (Edinburgh, 1975)

Ervine, W.J.C, ‘Doctrine and Diplomacy: Some Aspects of the Life and Thought of the Anglican Clergy, 1797-1837’, Ph.D thesis (Cambridge, 1979)

Farrell, Sean, Rituals and Riots: Sectarian Violence and Political Culture in Ulster, 1784-1886 (Lexington, KY, 2000)

Feldman, David, ‘Popery, Rabbinism, and reform : Evangelicals and Jews in early Victorian England’ in Wood, Diana (ed.), Christianity and Judaism : papers read at the 1991 Summer Meeting and the 1992 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society (Studies in Church History, 29) (Oxford and Cambridge MA, 1992) : 379-86

Feldman, David, ‘Evangelicals, Jews, and anti-Catholicism in Britain, c.1840–1900’, Jewish Historical Studies 47 (2015): 91-104

Ford, Alan, ‘High or Low? Writing the Irish Reformation in the Early Nineteenth Century’ Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 90 (2014): 93-112

Gallagher, Tom, Glasgow: The Uneasy Peace: Religious Tension in Modern Scotland 1819-1914 (Manchester, 1987)

Gibson, William, A Year of Grace: A history of the Ulster Revival of 1859 (Edinburgh, 1860)

Geoghegan, P.M, King Dan: The Rise of Daniel O’Connell, 1775-1829 (Dublin, 2008)

Gilley, S, ‘Protestant London, No-Popery and the Irish Poor, 1830-1860’, Recusant History 10 (1970), 210-21; (1971), 21-38

________’The Garibaldi Riots of 1862’, Historical Journal 16 (1973): 698-732

________’English Attitudes to the Irish in England, 1780-1900’ in C. Holmes and K. Lunn (eds.), Hosts, Immigrants and Minorities (London, 1980)

________’Nationality and Liberty, Protestant and Catholic: Robert Southey’s Book of the Church’ in S. Mews (ed.), Religion and National Identity (Studies in Church History, 18, 1982): 409-32

Gribben, Crawford and Holmes, Andrew, Protestant Millennialism, Evangelicalism, and Irish Society, 1790-2005 (Basingtoke, 2006)

Griffin, Brian, 'Anti-Catholicism in Bath from 1820 to 1870', Recusant History, 31, 4 (2013)

Harrison, J.F.C, The Second Coming: Popular Millenarianim 1780-1850 (London, 1979)

Hempton, David and Hill, Myrtle, Evangelical Protestantism in Ulster Society 1740-1890 (London, 1992)

Hennell, M, Sons of the Prophets: Evangelical Leaders of the Victorian Church (London, 1979)

Herringer, C.E, Victorians and the Virgin Mary: religion and gender in England, 1830-1885   (Manchester, 2008).

Hexter, J.H, ‘The Protestant Revival and the Catholic Question in England, 1778-1829’, Journal of Modern History 8 (1936): 297-319

Hicks, Edward, 'Republican religion and republican institutions: Alexander Campbell and the anti-catholic movement', Fides et Historia, 22 (1990)

Hill, J.R, 'The Church of Ireland and perceptions of Irish church history c. 1790-1869', Ireland's polemical past: views of Irish history in honour of R.V. Comerford, ed. Terence Dooley, 9-31. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2010.

Hirst, Catherine, Religion, Politics and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Belfast: The Pound and Sandy Row (Dublin, 2002)

Holmes, Andrew, ‘Professor James Thomson Senior and Lord Kelvin: Religion, Science, and Liberal Unionism in Ulster and Scotland’, Journal of British Studies 50 (2011): 100-24

______________‘The Shaping of Irish Presbyterian Attitudes to Mission, 1790-1840’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 57 (2006): 711-37

______________’Religious Polarisation, Church Reform, and Evangelicalsm in Ireland, c.1770-1840’, Irish Economic and Social History 33 (2006)

Holmes, J.D, More Roman than Rome: English Catholicism in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1978)

Holmes, Janice, ‘Irish Evangelicals and the British Evangelical Community’ in J.H. Murphy (ed.), Evangelicals and Catholics in Nineteenth-Century Ireland (Dublin, 2005): 209-22

Holmes, R.F, Henry Cooke   (Belfast, 1981)

Hughes, Kyle & MacRaild, D, ‘Anti-Catholicism and Orange Loyalism in Nineteenth-century Britain’ in Alan Blackstock and Frank O’Gorman (eds), Loyalism and the formation of the British world, 1775-1880 (Woodbridge, 2014): 61-80

Jackson, D.M & MacRaild, D, ‘The conserving crowd : mass unionist demonstrations in Liverpool and Tyneside, 1912-13’ in David George Boyce and Alan O’Day (eds.), The Ulster Crisis: 1885-1921 (Basingstoke, 2006): 229-46

Johnson, C, Developments in the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland 1789-1829 (Edinburgh, 1983)

Kelly, James, 'Inter-denominational relations and religious toleration in late eighteenth-century Ireland: The 'Paper war' of 1786-88', Eighteenth-Century Ireland, 3 (1988), 39-67
Kelly, Matthew, 'The politics of protestant street preaching in 1890s Ireland', Historical Journal, 48 (2005), 101-25

Keogh, Dáire and Whelan, Kevin (eds.), Acts of Union: The Causes, Contexts and Consequences of the Acts of Union (Dublin, 2001)

Kerr, D.A, ‘England, Ireland and Rome, 1847-48’ in W.J. Sheils and D.Wood (eds.), The Churches, Ireland and the Irish (Studies in Church History, 25: 1989), 259-77

Kessler, J.B.A, A Study of the Evangelical Alliance in Great Britain (Goes, Netherlands, 1968)

Klaus, Robert J, The Pope, the Protestants, and the Irish: papal aggression and anti-Catholicism in mid-nineteenth century England   (New York; London, 1987).

Kollar, Rene, 'Fr. Sydney Fenn Smith S.J. and his response to a rescued nun story: an episode in nineteenth century English anti-Catholicism', Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu, 81, 161 (2012)
———, 'Punch and the nuns: anti-Catholicism and satire in mid-nineteenth century England', Downside Review, 460 (2012)
———, 'They walled up nuns, didn't they? H. Rider Haggard's Montezuma's daughter and anti-Catholicism in Victorian England', Downside Review, 119, 416 (2001)
O'Leary, Paul, 'A Tolerant Nation? Anti-Catholicism in Nineteenth-century Wales',  From medieval to modern Wales : historical essays in honour of Kenneth O. Morgan and Ralph A. Griffiths, ed. Robert Rees Sir Davies and Geraint H. Jenkins. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2004.
———, 'When was Anti-Catholicism? The Case of Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Wales', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 56, 2 (2005)

Lees, L.H, Exiles of Erin: Irish Migrants in Victorian London (Manchester, 1979)

Lewis, D.M, Lighten Their Darkness: The Evangelical Mission to Working-Class London 1828-1860 (Westport, Conn., 1986)

Machin, G.I.T, The Catholic Question in English Politics 1820 to 1830 (Oxford, 1964)

___________Politics and the Churches in Great Britain, 1832-1868 (Oxford, 1977)

___________’The Liberal Government and the Eucharistic Procession of 1908’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 34 (1983): 559-83

MacRaild, Donald, ‘Transnationalising "Anti-Popery" : Militant Protestant Preachers in the Nineteenth-Century Anglo-World’, Journal of Religious History 39 (2015): 224-43

_______________’ 'No Irish Need Apply' : The Origins and Persistence of a Prejudice’, Labour History Review 78 (2013): 269-99

_______________ Faith, fraternity and fighting : the Orange Order and Irish migrants in northern England, c. 1850-1920 (Liverpool, 2005)

_______________’ The Irish and the Scots in the English Orange Order in the Later Nineteenth Century’ in Kennedy, Liam, 1946-; Morris, Robert John (ed.), Ireland and Scotland : order and disorder, 1600-2000 (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2005) : 163-73, 273-76

___________’ 'Abandon Hibernicisation' : priests, Ribbonmen and an Irish street fight in the north-east of England in 1858’, Historical Research 76 (2003): 557-73

___________‘Wherever orange is worn : Orangeism and Irish migration in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Canadian Journal of Irish Studies 29 (2003):

______________’ Wherever orange is worn : Orangeism and Irish migration in the nineteenth and early twentieth century’, Canadian Journal of Irish Studies 28 (2002): 98-117

_______________’ "The bunkum of Ulsteria" : the Orange marching tradition in late Victorian Cumbria’ in Fraser, T. G. (ed.), The Irish parading tradition : following the drum (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000) : 44-59

_______________ The Great Famine and beyond : Irish migrants in Britain in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Dublin, 2000)

_______________’ Crossing migrant frontiers : comparative reflections on Irish migrants in Britain and the United States during the nineteenth century’ Immigrants and Minorities 18 (1999): 40-70

_______________ Irish migrants in modern Britain 1750-1922 (New York, 1999)

_______________Culture, Conflict and Migration: the Irish in Victorian Cumbria (Liverpool, 1998)

_______________’ "Principle, party and protest" : the language of Victorian Orangeism in the north of England’ in West, Shearer (ed.), The Victorians and race (Aldershot: Scolar, 1996) : 128-40

_______________’ Sectarian tension and the Barrow anti-Irish riot of 1864’, Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society 96 (1996)

_______________‘William Murphy, the Orange Order and communal violence : the Irish in West Cumberland, 1871-1884’ in Panayi, Panikos (ed.), Racial violence in Britain, 1840-1950 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1993) : 44-64

Magennis, Eoin, ‘Patriotism, popery and politics : the Armagh by-election of 1753’ in Hughes, A. J.; Nolan, William (ed.), Armagh : history & society : interdisciplinary essays on the history of an Irish county (Dublin: Geography Publications, 2001) : 485-504

Mazurek, Monika, ‘Perverts to Rome : Protestant gender roles and the abjection of Catholicism’ Victorian Literature and Culture 44 (2016): 687-723

McIntire, C.T, England against the Papacy 1858-61 (Cambridge, 1983)

McRoberts, D (ed.), Modern Scottish Catholicism 1878-1978 (Glasgow, 1979)

McMinn, J.R.B, ‘Presbyterianism and Politics in Ulster, 1871-1906’, Studia Hibernia 21 (1981): 127-46.

Madden, Kyla, Forkill Protestants and Forkhill Catholics, 1787-1858 (Liverpool, 2005)

O'Mahen Malcom, Allison, 'Loyal Orangemen and Republican Nativists: Anti-Catholicism and Historical Memory in Upper Canada and the United States, 1837-1867',  The loyal Atlantic : remaking the British Atlantic in the Revolutionary era, ed. Jerry Bannister and Liam Riordan. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 2012.

Manfra, Jo Ann, and Kolesar, robert 'Irishmen, elites and reformers: behavioral continuities in nineteenth century anti-catholicism', Mid-America, 76, 1 (1994)

McMahon, Richard, 'Anthropological race psychology 1820–1945: a common European system of ethnic identity narratives', Nations and Nationalism, 15, 4 (2009), 575-96
McNees, Eleanor, 'Punch and the Pope: three decades of anti-Catholic caricature', Victorian Periodicals Review, 37, 1 (2004)

Miller, K.A, ‘“Heirs of Freedom” or “Slaves to England”? Protestant Society and Unionist Hegemony in Nineteenth-Century-Ulster’ Radical History Review 104 (2009): 17-40

_________’Belfast’s First Bomb, 28 February 1816: Class Conflict and the Origins of Ulster Unionist Hegemony’, Eire-Ireland 39 (2004)

Misner, Paul, 'Newman and the tradition concerning the Papal Antichrist', Church History, 42, 3 (1973), 377-95
Moffitt, Miriam, The Society for Irish Church Missions to the Roman Catholics, 1849-1950   (Manchester, 2010).

Morris, Kevin, ‘John Bull and the scarlet woman : Charles Kingsley and anti-Catholicism in Victorian literature’ Recusant History 23 (1996): 190-218

Muirhead, I.A, ‘Catholic Emancipation: Scottish Reactions in 1829’, Innes Review 24 (1973): 26-42

____________’Catholic Emancipation in Scotland: The Debate and the Aftermath’, Innes Review 24 (1973), 103-20

Murphy, Robert. A, 'A Catholic 'Clanger' and a Protestant Explosion : the Anti-Catholic Agitation at the Time of the 1850 Restoration of the English Roman Catholic Hierarchy', Northern Catholic History, 44,  (2003)

Neal, F, Sectarian Violence: The Liverpool Experience, 1819-1914 (Manchester, 1988)

Newby, Andrew G, 'Scottish anti-Catholicism in a British and European context : the "North Pole mission" and Victorian Scotland', European Studies: a journal of European culture, history and politics, 31,  (2013)

Norman, E.R, Anti-Catholicism in Victorian England (London, 1968)

___________The English Catholic Church in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, 1984)

___________Roman Catholicism in England (Oxford, 1985)

O’Day, A, ‘Varieties of anti-Irish behaviour in Britain, 1846-1922’ in P. Panayi (ed.), Radical Violence in Britain in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (London, 1996)

O’Ferrall, F, Catholic Emancipation: Daniel O’Connell and the Birth of Irish Democracy (Dublin, 1985)

Paz, Denis, Popular Anti-Catholicsm

_________’Popular Anti-Catholicism in England, 1850-1’ Albion 11 (1979): 331-55

_________’ Anti-Catholicism, anti-Irish stereotyping, and anti-Celtic racism in mid-Victorian working-class periodicals’, Albion 18 (1996): 601-16

_______, Dickens and Barnaby Rudge: anti-Catholicism and chartism   (Monmouth, 2006).

———, 'Lord John Russell's anti-Catholic dilemma: the ministerial crisis of 1851', Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association, 88,  (1987)

Peschier, Diana, 'Religious Sexual Perversion in Nineteenth-Century Anti-Catholic Literature', Sexual perversions, 1670-1890, ed. Julie Peakman. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Phillips, P.T, The Sectarian Spirit: Sectarianism, Society and Politics in Victorian Cotton Towns (Toronto, 1982)

Portelli, Sergio, ‘Anti-clericalism in translation : Anti-Catholic ideology in the English translation of Giuseppe Garibaldi’s Clelia o il governo dei preti (1870)’, Forum Italicum 50 (2016): 1099-1108

Ralls, W, ‘The Papal Aggression of 1850: A Study in Victorian Anti-Catholicism’, Church History 43 (1974): 242-56

Senior, H, Orangeism in Ireland and Britain 1795-1836 (London, 1966)

Sibbett, S,M, Orangeism in Ireland and throughout the Empire, 2 vols (London, 1929)

Singleton, John, 'The Virgin Mary and religious conflict in Victorian Britain', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 43 (1982), 16-34

Smith, J, ‘Class, Skill and Sectarianism in Glasgow and Liverpool’ in R.J. Morris (ed.), Class, Power and Social Structure in British Nineteenth-Century Towns (Leicester, 1986): 158-215

Smyth, Jim, ‘The men of no popery : the origins of the Orange Order’, in Cullen, Mary (ed.), 1798 : 200 years of resonance : essays and contributions on the history and relevance of the United Irishmen and the 1798 revolution (Dublin: Irish Reporter, 1998) : 27-35

Storch, R.D, ‘Please to Remember the Fifth of November’ in R.D. Storch (ed.), Popular Culture and Custom in Nineteenth-Century Britain (London, 1982): 71-99

Stunt, T, ‘John Henry Newman and the Evangelicals’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 21 (1970): 65-74

Swift, R, ‘Guy Fawkes Celebrations in Victorian Exeter’, History Today 31 (1981): 5-9

_______, ‘Anti-catholicism and Irish disturbances : public order in mid-Victorian Wolverhampton’ Midland History 9 (1984): 87-108

Tumbleson, Raymond, ‘Family Religion : Popery in Defoe's Domestic Regime’ Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture 28 (1995): 255-78

Usherwood, S, ‘No Popery under Queen Victoria’, History Today 23 (1973): 274-9

Waller, P.J, Democracy and Sectarianism: A Political and Social History of Liverpool 1868-1939 (Liverpool, 1981)

Wallis, F, ‘The Revival of the Anti-Maynooth Campaign in Britain’, Albion 19 (1987): 527-48  

________Popular Anti-Catholicism in mid-Victorian Britain (Lewiston, 1993)

Warren, John, 'Harriet Martineau and Anti-Catholicism', Recusant History, 29, 2 (2008)
Wheeler, Michael, The old enemies: Catholic and Protestant in nineteenth-century English literature and culture   (Cambridge, 2006).

Whelan, Irene, The Bible War In Ireland: The ‘Second Reformation’ and the Polarisation of Protestant-Catholic Relations 1800-1840 (Dublin, 2005)

Wolffe, John, ‘The Commemoration of the Reformation and mid-nineteenth century Evangelical Identity’, The Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 90 (2014): 49-68.

___________’The Mutations of Martyrdom in Britain and Ireland c.1850-2005’ in James Kelly, Mary Ann Lyons (eds.), Death and Dying in Ireland, Britain and Europe: historical perspectives (Kildare, 2013): 349-68

___________’The Jesuit as Villain in Nineteenth Century British Fiction’, Studies in Church History 48 (2012): 308-20

___________’Protestantism, Monarchy, and the defence of Christian Britain 1837-2005’ in Callum G Brown and Michael Snape (ed.), Secularism in the Christian World: essays in honour of Hugh Macleod (Farnham, 2010): 57-74

___________’Anti-Catholicism and the British Empire 1815-1914’ in Hilary M Carey (ed.), Empires of Religion (Basingstoke, 2008): 43-63

___________’A transatlantic perspective: Protestantism and national identities in mid-nineteenth century Britain and the United States’ in Tony Claydon and Ian McBride (eds.), Protestantism and National Identity: Britain and Ireland c1650-c1850 (Cambridge, 1998): 291-310

___________’Change and Continuity in British Anti-Catholicism 1829-1982’ in Frank Tallett and Nicholas Atkin (eds.), Catholicism in Britain and France since 1789 (London, 1996): 67-83

___________The Protestant Crusade in Britain, 1829-1860 (Oxford, 1991)

___________’The evangelical alliance in the 1840s: an attempt to institutionalise Christian Unity’ W.J. Sheils and D. Wood (eds.), Voluntary Religion: papers read at the 1985 summer meeting and 1986 winter meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society (Studies in Church History 23) (1986): 333-46

20th Century

Bradley, Joseph, ‘Sectarianism, anti-sectarianism and Scottish football’ Sport in Society 18 (2015): 588-603

Brewer, J.D and Higgins, G.I, Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland: the Mote and the Bean (Basingstoke, 1998)

Brewer, J.D, Higgins, Gareth I and Teeney, Francis, Religion, Civil Society and Peace in Northern Ireland (New York, 2011)

Brewer, John, ‘Continuity and Change in Contemporary Ulster Protestantism’, The Sociological Review 52 (2004): 265-83

Brown, William, An army with banners: the real face of Orangeism   (Belfast, 2003).

Bruce, Steve, No Pope of Rome: Anti-Catholicism in Modern Scotland (Edinburgh, 1985)

___________God Save Ulster: The Religion and Politics of Paisleyism (Oxford, 1986)

———, 'Prods and Taigs - the sectarian divide', Fortnight (1986)

Cairns, E, 'The object of sectarianism: the material reality of sectarianism in Ulster Loyalism', Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vi (New Series), 3 (2000), 437-52

Clayton, P, ‘Religion, Ethnicity, and Colonialism as Explanations of the Conflict in Northern Ireland’ inn D. Miller (ed.), Rethinking Northern Ireland (London, 1998)

Cuddy, E, ‘The Irish question and the revival of anti-Catholicism in the 1920s’, Catholic Historical Review 67 (1981): 236-55

Dunlop, John, A Precarious Belonging: Presbyterians and Conflict in Ireland (Belfast, 1995)

Elliott, Marianne, When God Took Sides: Religion and Identity in Ireland – Unfinsihed History (Oxford, 2009)

Fulton, J, The tragedy of Belief: division, politics and religion in Ireland (Oxford, 1991)

Gallagher, T, Edinburgh Divided: John Cormack and No Popery in the 1930s (Edinburgh, 1987)

__________Glasgow, the Uneasy Peace: Religious Tension in Modern Scotland (Manchester, 1987)

Ganiel, Gladys, Evangelism and Conflict in Northern Ireland (New York, 2008)

Harris, R, Prejudice and Tolerance in Ulster (Manchester, 1972)

Hepburn, A.C, Catholic Belfast and Nationalist Ireland in the era of Joe Devlin 1871-1934 (Oxford, 2008)

Herbert, David, ‘Shifting Securities in Northern Ireland: “Terror” and the “Troubles” in global media and local memory’, European Journal of Cultural Studies 10 (2006): 343-59

Hughes, Trystan Owain, ‘Anti-Catholicism in Wales 1900-1960’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 33 (2002): 312-25

Jarman, N, 'The Orange arch: Creating tradition in Ulster', Folklore, 112, 1 (2001), 1-21

Kaufmann, E.P, "The decline of sectarianism in the Anglo-Saxon West?: a comparison of the Orange Order in Canada and Ulster." 2002.

___________'The dynamics of Orangeism in Scotland: the social sources of political influence in a large fraternal organisation' (2004)

———, The Orange Order: a contemporary Northern Irish history (2007).

Kinealy, Christine, 'The Orange Order and representations of Britishness',  Caunce, Stephen; Mazierska, Ewa; Sydney-Smith, Susan; Walton, John K. (ed.), Relocating Britishness (Studies in Popular Culture) (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), 217-36, 2004.
____________'The Orangist marches in Northern Ireland and the right to march', Mouvement Social, 202 (2003), 165-+

Liechty, Joseph and Clegg, Cecilia, Moving Beyond Sectarianism? Religion, Conflict and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland (Dublin, 2001)

Long, S.E, William Shaw Kerr   (Belfast, 2002).

McBride, Ian (ed.), History and Memory in Modern Ireland (Cambridge, 2011)

McGarry, J and O’Leary, B. O, The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation: Case Studies of Protracted Conflicts (London and New York, 1993)

Mitchell, Claire, Religion, Identity and Politics in Northern Ireland: Boundaries of Belonging and Belief (Aldershot, 2006)

Mitchell, P, Evangelicalism and National Identity in Ulster, 1921-1998 (Oxford, 2003)

Sales, R, Gender, Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland (London and New York, 1997)

Shirlow, Peter and McGovern, Mark, Who are the ‘People’? Unionism, Protestantism and Loyalism in Northern Ireland (London, 1997)

Stevenson, Clifford, "The Orange Order in Northern Ireland: ideologies and identities" Lancaster Ph.D., 2004.

Stewart, A.T.Q, The Narrow Ground: The Roots of the Conflict in Ulster, 2nd edn (London, 1989)

Walker, Graham, Intimate Strangers: Political and Cultural Interaction between Scotland and Ulster in Modern Times (Edinburgh, 1995)

______________ '‘Protestantism Before Party!’: The Ulster Protestant League in the 1930s', Historical Journal, 28,  (1985), 961-67

Whyte, John, Interpreting Northern Ireland (Oxford, 1990)

Wright, F, ‘Protestant Ideology and politics in Ulster’, Journal of European Sociology 14 (1973)